Multigrain rice: a blend of white and whole grain rices. Photo by Hannah Kaminsky | THE NIBBLE
Last Updated June 2010
Rice: History & Types Of Rice
Page 5: Rice Glossary Terms L ~ R
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LIGHT BROWN RICE
In light brown rice, almost 50% of the bran is removed, whereas with brown rice, the bran layers are left intact. Brown rice is a whole grain, light brown rice is not, even though it is sometimes erroneously referred to as such. However, you will not find the Whole Grain Council’s whole grain stamp on any light brown rice product. Light brown rice was created to provide a faster cooking time—20 minutes instead of the 45 minutes for regular brown rice—by polishing off the bran layers, the rice cooks more quickly. Also, some people don’t like the nutty flavor of brown rice but want an alternative to white rice. Light brown rice also has more fiber than white rice, although less than regular brown rice. The serving sizes are the same. See brown rice.
LONG-GRAIN RICE or INDICA RICE
See grain types.
See grain types and japonica rice.
See instant rice.
MOCHI RICE or SWEET RICE
Mochi is a specific variety of rice used for traditional Japanese rice cakes, desserts and puddings. See glutinous rice.
A blend of rices that mixes different grains to create a more complex flavor. See photo at top of page.
See Bomba rice and Calasparra rice.
See glutinous rice.
POHA or PRESSED RICE
An Indian specialty. The rice grain is pressed to make rice flakes, just as corn is pressed into corn flakes. Before pressing, the rice grains have to be soaked in water for eight hours; then the wet grains are roasted. When roasted, the outer layer of the rice grains become brittle while the grain becomes soft, such that when the grains are put into the pressing machine, the outer layer is crushed and the grain is pressed flat into flakes. Pressed rice is popularly mixed with cooked potatoes, garnished with lime juice, grated coconut and chopped coriander.
See shahi rice.
Popcorn rice is gourmet rice grown in Louisiana. It is said to have the flavor of fresh popcorn while it cooks. We didn’t lift the lid to sniff (because the steam needs to stay sealed inside to cook the rice), and we’ve only had one brand of popcorn rice. It smelled like basmati rice, which it resembled. It is delicious rice, but the “popcorn” aspect is more of a marketing device than an actual flavor and aroma feature.
Indian puffed rice. Photo by Katharine Pollak | THE NIBBLE.
Puffed rice is usually made by heating rice kernels under high pressure in the presence of steam, though the method of manufacture can vary. In the U.S., puffed rice is a popular breakfast cereal, but in other parts of the world it is a street food, like popcorn. In India, where it is the rice version of popcorn, it is also used in recipes.
Red rice is an unhulled or partially hulled rice that has a red husk (most rice has a brown husk). As an unhulled rice, red rice has a nutty flavor and high nutritional value from the germ. See Bhutanese red rice.
REGULAR-MILLED WHITE RICE
See white rice.
Indian puffed rice. Photo courtesy of Wikipedia.org.
Rice is a type of grass, like barley, millet, rye or wheat; its seeds, or grains, are eaten, and are a source of carbohydrate. It grows wild in southeast Asia. The staple grain of two-thirds of the world’s population, rice is a grass that originated in southeast Asia and Africa. It is a member of the botanical family Poaceae, genus Oryza. Oryza sativa, the genus of the majority of our table rices, appears to have been domesticated from wild Asian rice around the foothills of the Himalayas, yielding the short-grained “japonica” or “sinica” varieties (Japanese rice), the long-grained “indica” varieties (basmati rice) and the broad-grained “javonica” varieties. O. glaberrima comprises the native African rices, which are being replaced in Africa by the introduction of the preferred Asian species. See descriptions in this glossary for individual cultivars of rice: Arborio, basmati, Bhutanese red rice, black forbidden, black japonica, calrose, carnaroli, glutinous, jasmine, kalijira, koshihikari, poha, shahi, vialone nano and others. There are also stylistic types of rice, such as aromatic, brown, converted, glutinous, instant and white. Regardless of the variety, adding some whole spices, nuts, dried fruits, vegetables, beans and/or meats or seafood to a bowl of rice turns it into a main meal.
A creamy rice dish, an Italian specialty. Labor-intensive, risotto is made by stirring hot stock into a arborio rice that has been sautéed in butter; chopped onions are often part of the recipe. The stock is added a half cup at a time and the mixture is stirred continually until all the liquid is absorbed before more stock is added. The wide, short arborio rice grains remain separate and firm. There are many different risotto recipes, from vegetarian varieties that use only Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese and/or vegetables, to chicken, sausage and seafood. Herbs are sometimes the focus:. The famous risotto Milanese is scented with saffron.
||Wild mushroom and rosemary risotto. Photo courtesy of Wisconsin Milk Marketing Board.
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